Cats are capable of reproducing at a rapid rate, particularly during the summer months. Desexing can prevent giving birth to many kittens that may not find a home and it is an important part of keeping your cat healthy.
Most cats are desexed at around 6 months of age before they develop any unwelcome behavior such as spraying urine or wandering. The procedure to desex a male cat is extremely straightforward, with the testicles removed through two tiny incisions in their scrotum that don’t need sutures. Female cats have both ovaries and uterus removed through a small incision either on their abdomen or on their flank.
Why You Should Desex Your Cat
Tom cats are territorial, and their territory doesn’t stop at their fence line. They wander the neighborhood in search of a girlfriend and in the process get into fights with other cats intent on defending their own turf. The result is bite wounds and painful abscesses and the chance of being infected with feline immunodeficiency virus, or feline aids. They may also be hit by a car, or get into a tussle with a dog; in both cases, they are not likely to come out on top.
Spaying can protect your female cat from breast cancer and unexpected pregnancies. You can expect your feline friend to reach puberty anytime from 5 months of age. She’ll be in heat for about a week and if she doesn’t become pregnant, she’ll be back in heat again in 2-3 weeks. While she is in heat, she will yowl and roll and be extra affectionate, and you’ll have stray tom cats fighting for her affections in your garden. If your cat has mated and gets pregnant, she can be in heat again as soon as a week after giving birth and may become pregnant again. You can see that after a while, you might just have your hands full of more kittens than you know what to do with.
Pre and Post-Operative Care
Your cat can have dinner, as usual, the night before his desexing, but he shouldn’t have anything to eat or drink on the morning of his surgery. This is just to prevent him from consuming food or water should he vomit at any time.
After his surgery, he will wake up in a comfortable hospital cage and when he is back on his feet, he’ll be able to go home with you.
When he arrives home, you can offer him a small meal but don’t worry if he’s not interested. He may be feeling a little nauseous after the anesthetic. You can expect him to be more interested in food after he’s had a good night sleep.
Male cats recover from desexing surgery very quickly and are back to normal within a day or two. Females usually undergo a more invasive procedure and need to be taken care of for 10 days to allow their incision to heal. This isn’t easy at all, as they feel just fine and want to run around and play. If they are too active, their wound may swell and become painful. Skin sutures can be removed by your vet after 10 days.
During the postoperative period, your vet will be happy to answer any questions you may have about your cat’s recovery. If you have any concerns, they are just a phone call away and will be able to set your mind at ease.